The brain is a sturdy, complex, and powerful organ, but there are instances when it can be exposed to trauma. Strong external forces arising from an accident, a blow, or any manual force can result in a brain injury that can affect a person’s ability to think, move, and use his or her mental faculties.
There are many different types of brain injuries (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head_injury), from the minor and temporary to those that are permanent and life-altering.
Brain Injury Types
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
The different types of traumatic brain damage (https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/index.html) include concussions, contusions, and diffuse axonal injuries. Concussions are the most traumatic kind of injury and are caused by direct trauma caused by falling, getting kicked or punched, shaken, whiplashed during a car collision, and the similar situations. A person suffering from a concussion may suffer from dizziness, confusion, and even loss of consciousness.
Contusions are a localized injury in the brain that also arises from direct trauma to the head. These result in bleeding in the brain and blood clot formations that need to be surgically removed. In some cases, extreme forces slam brain matter against the opposite side of the skull, resulting in damage in the part of the brain opposite the point of contact.
Diffuse axonal injuries arise due to whipping, shaking, or rotational forces that tear the brain tissue and could result in permanent brain damage and even death. Memory loss, changes in motor sensation, and decreased cognition can result.
Penetration injuries occur when sharp objects penetrate the brain tissue, causing tearing or rupturing of brain matter. These can have severe and sometimes fatal effects.
Acquired Brain Trauma
Acquired injuries arise out of damage that occurs after birth and are not limited to those arising from manual or external forces. Common injuries are strokes, embolisms, aneurysms, toxic exposure, and poisoning, to name a few. Typical cases of acquired brain injury can occur as a result of the negligence or malpractice of medical providers, such as misdiagnosis of a condition or failure to follow procedure that resulted in a patient’s stroke or the formation of a pulmonary embolism.
Alternatively, acquired brain damage is classified as either anoxia or hypoxic head injury. In the former, oxygen flow to the brain stops and brain cells start to die, which leads to serious functional damage, coma, and death. In the latter, oxygen deprivation is not absolute but oxygen supply is dangerously low. Cell damage can still occur but at a slower rate.
Liability for Brain Injury
Brain or head injury, regardless of the cause, can lead to impairment in brain function and impaired locomotive, language, cognitive, and other skills. Depending on the severity, a person can lose the ability to care for himself or keep himself gainfully employed.
This is the reason why injuries caused by the carelessness, negligence, or willful and intentional actions of another party must be studied by a competent brain injury lawyer so that you will know what options you have for compensation from the at-fault party. The sooner you can file your case in court, the better your chances for getting the compensation you deserve for the injury that you have suffered.